Law of Diminishing Returns

The law of diminishing returns states that as one input variable is increased, there is a point at which the marginal increase in output begins to decrease, holding all other inputs constant. At the point where the law sets in, the effectiveness of each additional unit of input decreases.

System dynamics is an approach to understanding the behavior of complex systems over time. It deals with internal feedback loops and time delays that affect the behavior of the entire system.

The systems are characterized by:

  • structure – composition of elements
  • behavior – involved inputs, processes and outputs of material, energy and/or information
  • interconnections – structural and functional relations between elements
  • emerging properties-system properties that do not appear in individual elements

Emergent attributes  are the properties of the wholeand only exists as a wholenot a properties of the component bits. Emerging properties have a fundamental impact on the system performance and becomes extremely important to understand behavior of variables trajectory  with respect to system state of diminishing or negative returns.


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IT Transformation consultant specifically within SAP space with strong interest in System Thinking and Cybernetics Management.

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